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  • Kiddush — (Hebrew: קידוש, literally, sanctification ) is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat or a Jewish holiday. The Torah refers to two requirements concerning Shabbat to keep it and to remember it ( shamor and zakhor ).… …   Wikipedia

  • KIDDUSH — (Heb. קִדּוּשׁ, lit. sanctification, derived from kaddesh (קַדֵּשׁ; lit. to sanctify ), prayer recited over a cup of wine in the home and the synagogue to consecrate the Sabbath or festival in fulfillment of the biblical commandment to Remember… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • kiddush — [kid′oosh, ki do͞osh′] n. [TalmudHeb kidush, sanctification < root kdš: see KADDISH] Judaism a prayer recited over wine or bread on the eve of or on the day of the Sabbath or of a festival so as to set the day apart as holy …   English World dictionary

  • Kiddush — Seph. Heb. /kee doohsh /; Ashk. Heb. /kid euhsh/, n. Judaism. a blessing recited over a cup of wine or over bread on the Sabbath or on a festival. [ < Heb qiddush lit., sanctification] * * * Jewish prayer or blessing recited over a cup of wine… …   Universalium

  • kiddush — ˈki(ˌ)du̇sh, dəsh; kə̇ˈdüsh noun ( es) Etymology: Hebrew qiddūsh sanctification : a Jewish ceremony that proclaims the holiness of the incoming Sabbath or festival and that consists of a benediction pronounced customarily before the evening meal… …   Useful english dictionary

  • KIDDUSH HA-SHEM AND ḤILLUL HA-SHEM — (Heb. קִדּוּשׁ הַשֵּׁם וְחִלּוּל הַשֵּׁם). The antithetical terms kiddush ha Shem ( sanctification of the (Divine) Name ) and ḥillul ha Shem ( defamation of the (Divine) Name ) are complementary antonyms   and denote the two aspects of one of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kiddush club — is a slang term applied wherever an informal group of people leave a synagogue s sanctuary during Jewish services on Shabbat (Saturday) morning to congregate, make kiddush (frequently over liquor) and socialize. Participants often leave services… …   Wikipedia

  • Kiddush Hashem — (, and conversely not to bring dishonor or shame to God’s name which is known as Chillul Hashem: “Not to profane His Name” . Thus any action by a Jew that brings honor, respect, and glory to God is considered to be a Kiddush Hashem , whereas any… …   Wikipedia

  • KIDDUSH HA-ḤAYYIM — ( sanctification of life ), term first attributed to Rabbi isaac nissenbaum , a Zionist rabbi in the Warsaw ghetto, which sought to differentiate between the classical response of Jewish martyrdom, kiddush ha shem , the sanctification of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kiddush Levana — () is a Jewish ritual in which observant Jews recite a series of prayers shortly after Rosh Chodesh, though it may be done until the moon is full. The ritual is done at night when the moon is shining. The ritual should not be performed within… …   Wikipedia

  • kiddush — noun Etymology: Late Hebrew qiddūsh sanctification Date: 1753 a ceremonial blessing pronounced over wine or bread in a Jewish home or synagogue on a holy day (as the Sabbath) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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